Thursday, September 21, 2017 عربي|فارسي
 
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Introduction
 
With the emergence of several waves of governmental, administrative, and military reform in Iran in the past few centuries, including the period of the premiership of Amir Kabir, limited steps have been taken for bringing in amendments and reform in the area of law and justice. The first judicial body based on a modern system was established during the phase of Amir Kabir (mid 13th Century AH/19th Century AD) and was popularly referred to as the “Divān-Khāneh”. This Divān-Khāneh was at par with the religious courts and was vested with the authority to deal only with non-religious cases although no clear distinction had been drawn between religious and non-religious issues. During this period, several futile efforts were made towards the formulation of laws on the same pattern as the French legal system. It was years later that during the course of the Constitutional Movement demands came to be made for the establishment of modern courts of law which had thus far remained neglected.
 
* source: Pakatchi , Ahmad "Iran Entry" The Great Islamic Encyclopedia. Ed. Kazem Musavi Bojnourdi.Tehran: The Center of Great Islamic Encyclopaedia , 1989-, V.10 ,pp.626
 
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