The history of Daf goes back to ancient times when it was played in old Persia, different parts of Asia & North Africa. In the 20th century, this percussion Persian musical was usually played by Sufis in Iran.
Daf is a large round instrument like a drum but very thin. It is usually open at one side and not closed like a drum. The frame is usually made of wood with a sheepskin membrane glued to one side. Sometimes, on the other side of the daf, which is open, many small metal rings are attached. Nowadays, Daf has got very popular among Iranians and many try to learn. It’s got an integral position in Persian music as well.